What You Need to Know About Health Psychology by Shelley Taylor: Theories, Research, and Practice
Health Psychology Shelley Taylor.epub: A Comprehensive Guide
Are you interested in learning more about health psychology, a fascinating field that explores the interactions between psychological and physical well-being? Do you want to know more about Shelley Taylor, one of the most influential and respected researchers in this area? Do you want to read her book Health Psychology, a comprehensive and engaging introduction to the field? If you answered yes to any of these questions, then this article is for you. In this article, we will cover:
Health Psychology Shelley Taylor.epub
What is health psychology and why is it important?
Who is Shelley Taylor and what are her achievements?
What is the book Health Psychology by Shelley Taylor and what does it offer?
How to download and read Health Psychology Shelley Taylor.epub on your device?
By the end of this article, you will have a better understanding of health psychology, Shelley Taylor, and her book. You will also learn how to access and enjoy this book in EPUB format, a popular and convenient digital format for ebooks. So, let's get started!
What is Health Psychology?
Health psychology is a branch of psychology that studies how psychological factors influence health, illness, and health-related behaviors. It also examines how health and illness affect psychological well-being. Health psychology aims to understand, prevent, and treat health problems by applying psychological theories, methods, and interventions.
Definition and Scope of Health Psychology
According to the American Psychological Association (APA), health psychology is "the scientific study of psychological processes related to health and health care". It is also known as behavioral medicine or medical psychology. Health psychology covers a wide range of topics, such as:
Stress and coping
Pain and chronic illness
Health behaviors and habits
Health promotion and prevention
Psychosocial aspects of specific diseases
Health care systems and policies
Cultural diversity and health disparities
Quality of life and well-being
Major Theories and Models of Health Psychology
Health psychology draws on various theoretical perspectives to explain and predict health-related outcomes. Some of the most influential theories and models in health psychology are:
The biopsychosocial model: This model proposes that health and illness are determined by biological, psychological, and social factors that interact with each other.
The health belief model: This model suggests that health behaviors are influenced by perceived susceptibility, severity, benefits, barriers, cues to action, and self-efficacy.
The theory of planned behavior: This theory states that health behaviors are determined by behavioral intentions, which are influenced by attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control.
The transtheoretical model: This model describes the stages of change that people go through when adopting or quitting health behaviors, such as precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, maintenance, and termination.
The social cognitive theory: This theory emphasizes the role of self-efficacy, outcome expectations, observational learning, and reciprocal determinism in health behaviors.
The self-regulation theory: This theory focuses on how people set and pursue health goals, monitor and evaluate their progress, and cope with feedback and challenges.
Applications and Interventions of Health Psychology
Health psychology has many practical applications and interventions that aim to improve health outcomes and quality of life. Some of the main areas of application and intervention are:
Health assessment and diagnosis: Health psychologists use various methods and tools to assess and diagnose health problems, such as interviews, questionnaires, tests, scales, and biomarkers.
Health education and counseling: Health psychologists provide information and guidance to individuals and groups on how to prevent and manage health issues, such as smoking cessation, weight management, stress management, and chronic disease management.
Health behavior change: Health psychologists design and implement programs and strategies to help people change their health behaviors, such as motivational interviewing, cognitive-behavioral therapy, relapse prevention, and self-management.
Health policy and advocacy: Health psychologists contribute to the development and evaluation of health policies and programs that affect public health, such as health promotion campaigns, health care reform, and health equity initiatives.
Health research and evaluation: Health psychologists conduct scientific research and evaluation to advance the knowledge and practice of health psychology, using various methods and designs, such as experiments, surveys, meta-analyses, and randomized controlled trials.
Who is Shelley Taylor?
Shelley Taylor is a distinguished professor of psychology at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). She is one of the founders and leaders of the field of health psychology. She is also a renowned researcher in social psychology, especially in the areas of social cognition, social support, and positive illusions.
Biography and Career of Shelley Taylor
Shelley Taylor was born in 1946 in New York. She received her bachelor's degree from Connecticut College in 1968 and her Ph.D. from Yale University in 1972. She then joined Harvard University as an assistant professor of psychology. In 1979, she moved to UCLA as a professor of psychology. She has been a distinguished professor since 1995. She has also been a visiting professor at various institutions, such as Stanford University, Oxford University, and the Max Planck Institute for Human Development.
Contributions and Awards of Shelley Taylor
Shelley Taylor has made significant contributions to the fields of health psychology and social psychology. She has published over 300 articles and 15 books on various topics, such as stress and coping, social support networks, positive illusions, self-regulation, gender differences, AIDS prevention, cancer adaptation, and biobehavioral responses to stress. She has also developed several influential theories and concepts, such as:
The tend-and-befriend theory: This theory proposes that women respond to stress by nurturing others (tending) and seeking social support (befriending), whereas men respond by fighting or fleeing (fight-or-flight).
The cognitive adaptation theory: This theory suggests that people cope with threatening events by creating positive illusions about themselves, their situation, and their future.
The social comparison theory: This theory states that people compare themselves to others to evaluate their abilities, opinions, emotions, and outcomes.
The self-evaluation maintenance model: This model explains how people maintain or enhance their self-esteem when they are confronted with the achievements or failures of others who are close to them.
Shelley Taylor has received numerous awards and honors for her outstanding achievements in research and teaching. Some of the most notable ones are:
The Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award from the APA in 1996
The William James Fellow Award from the Association for Psychological Science in 2000
The James McKeen Cattell Fellow Award from the Association for Psychological Science in 2007
The Gold Medal Award for Life Achievement in Psychology in the Public Interest from the American Psychological Foundation in 2010
The Lifetime Achievement Award from the International Society for Quality of Life Research in 2014
The Kurt Lewin Award from the Society for Psychological Study of Social Issues in 2015
Research Interests and Projects of Shelley Taylor
Shelley Taylor is currently interested in several research topics and projects that reflect her expertise and passion in health psychology and social psychology. Some of her current research interests and projects are:
The effects of stress on health and well-being, especially in relation to aging, caregiving, and Alzheimer's disease.
The role of social support and social networks in coping with stress, illness, and trauma.
The mechanisms and benefits of positive illusions, optimism, and self-enhancement in health and adaptation.
The neural and hormonal bases of social behavior and emotion regulation.
The cultural and evolutionary influences on social cognition and behavior.
Shelley Taylor is also involved in several collaborative and interdisciplinary research projects with other researchers from different fields and institutions. Some of her current collaborators and projects are:
Barbara Fredrickson from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill: They are studying the effects of positive emotions on health and resilience.
Naomi Eisenberger from UCLA: They are investigating the neural correlates of social pain and social support.
Teresa Seeman from UCLA: They are examining the biopsychosocial pathways linking social relationships and health outcomes in older adults.
David Creswell from Carnegie Mellon University: They are testing the efficacy of mindfulness-based stress reduction interventions for health care workers.
Susan Fiske from Princeton University: They are exploring the social cognitive processes underlying stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination.
What is the Book Health Psychology by Shelley Taylor?
Health Psychology by Shelley Taylor is one of the most popular and widely used textbooks in the field of health psychology. It provides a comprehensive and engaging introduction to the theory, research, and practice of health psychology. It covers both classic and contemporary topics in health psychology, such as stress, coping, pain, chronic illness, health behaviors, health promotion, psychoneuroimmunology, psychosocial aspects of specific diseases, health care systems, patient-provider communication, cultural diversity, and quality of life. It also incorporates real-life examples, case studies, critical thinking questions, and interactive features to enhance student learning and interest.
Overview and Features of the Book
The book Health Psychology by Shelley Taylor has been published in 11 editions since 1986. The latest edition was published in 2020 by McGraw-Hill Education. The book has 16 chapters organized into five parts:
Introduction to Health Psychology
Health Behavior and Primary Prevention
Stress and Coping
The Patient in the Health Care System
Management of Chronic and Terminal Disorders
The book has several features that make it appealing and useful for students and instructors alike. Some of these features are:
A clear and concise writing style that is accessible and engaging for readers.
A balanced coverage of biological, psychological, and social aspects of health psychology.
A strong emphasis on evidence-based practice and critical evaluation of research findings.
A multicultural perspective that highlights the diversity and disparities in health psychology across cultures and populations.
A focus on positive psychology and well-being that emphasizes the strengths and resources of individuals and communities.
An integration of technology and media that enhances learning outcomes and interactivity.
Contents and Chapters of the Book
The book Health Psychology by Shelley Taylor covers a wide range of topics and issues in health psychology. Here is a brief summary of each chapter and part of the book:
Chapter 1: What Is Health Psychology? This chapter introduces the field of health psychology, its history, goals, methods, and applications. It also defines and explains the biopsychosocial model of health and illness.
Chapter 2: The Systems of the Body. This chapter reviews the basic anatomy and physiology of the major systems of the body, such as the nervous system, the endocrine system, the immune system, the cardiovascular system, and the respiratory system. It also discusses how these systems are affected by psychological and social factors.
Chapter 3: Health Behaviors. This chapter examines the concept and measurement of health behaviors, such as diet, exercise, substance use, and sexual behavior. It also explores the determinants and consequences of health behaviors, as well as the strategies and interventions to change them.
Chapter 4: Health-Enhancing Behaviors. This chapter focuses on specific health-enhancing behaviors that can prevent or reduce the risk of disease and promote well-being, such as stress management, sleep hygiene, immunization, cancer screening, and dental care. It also describes the barriers and facilitators of these behaviors.
Chapter 5: Health-Compromising Behaviors. This chapter concentrates on specific health-compromising behaviors that can increase the risk of disease and impair well-being, such as smoking, alcohol use, drug abuse, and eating disorders. It also explains the causes and effects of these behaviors, as well as the treatments and prevention programs for them.
Chapter 6: Stress. This chapter defines and measures stress, its sources, types, and stages. It also analyzes the physiological and psychological responses to stress, as well as the individual and situational factors that influence stress appraisal and coping.
Chapter 7: Coping with Stress. This chapter evaluates the various coping strategies that people use to deal with stress, such as problem-focused coping, emotion-focused coping, social support, religious coping, and humor. It also assesses the effectiveness and outcomes of these coping strategies.
Chapter 8: Seeking and Using Health Care Services. This chapter investigates how people decide to seek and use health care services, such as when to consult a doctor, what type of provider to choose, how to communicate with providers, how to adhere to treatment recommendations, and how to evaluate health care quality.
Chapter 9: Patients, Providers, and Treatments. This chapter explores the interactions between patients and providers in health care settings, such as their expectations, beliefs, attitudes, behaviors, and satisfaction. It also examines the various types of treatments that are available for health problems, such as medication, surgery, psychotherapy, complementary and alternative medicine.
The Management of Pain and Discomfort
This chapter describes the nature and experience of pain and discomfort, such as their causes, types, measurement, and effects. It also discusses the psychological and social factors that influence pain perception and expression, such as attention, emotion, cognition, culture, and gender. It also reviews the various methods and techniques that are used to manage pain and discomfort, such as pharmacological, surgical, behavioral, cognitive, and emotional interventions.
Chapter 11: Management of Chronic Health Disorders. This chapter examines the psychological and social aspects of chronic health disorders, such as diabetes, arthritis, asthma, cancer, and HIV/AIDS. It also explains how people cope with and adjust to chronic health disorders, as well as the interventions that can help them improve their quality of life and well-being.
Chapter 12: Psychological Issues in Advancing and Terminal Illness. This chapter explores the psychological and social issues that arise in advancing and terminal illness, such as aging, dementia, death, dying, bereavement, and end-of-life care. It also describes how people cope with and adapt to these issues, as well as the interventions that can support them and their families.
Chapter 13: Heart Disease, Hypertension, Stroke, and Type II Diabetes. This chapter investigates the biopsychosocial factors that are associated with heart disease, hypertension, stroke, and type II diabetes. It also evaluates the prevention and treatment strategies that can reduce the risk and impact of these diseases.
Chapter 14: Psychoneuroimmunology: The Interface Between Behavior, Brain, and Immunity. This chapter introduces the field of psychoneuroimmunology (PNI), which studies the interactions between behavior, brain, and immunity. It also summarizes the evidence and mechanisms of how psychological factors affect immune function and health outcomes.
Chapter 15: Health Psychology: Challenges for the Future. This chapter highlights the current challenges and future directions for the field of health psychology. It also discusses some of the emerging topics and trends in health psychology, such as genomics, epigenetics, personalized medicine, digital health technologies, global health issues, and positive health psychology.
How to Download and Read Health Psychology Shelley Taylor.epub?
If you are interested in reading Health Psychology by Shelley Taylor on your device, you might want to download it in EPUB format. EPUB is a popular and convenient digital format for ebooks that allows you to adjust the font size, layout, and appearance of the text according to your preferences. It also supports multimedia elements such as images, audio, video, and interactive features.
Benefits and Drawbacks of EPUB Format
EPUB format has many benefits for ebook readers. Some of these benefits are:
It is compatible with most devices and platforms.
It is easy to download and transfer.
It is flexible and customizable.
It is accessible and user-friendly.
It is lightweight and portable.
However, EPUB format also has some drawbacks that you should be aware of. Some of these drawbacks are:
It may not preserve the original formatting and design of the book.
It may not support some advanced features or functions of the book.
It may not be compatible with some devices or software.
It may not be secure or protected from piracy or unauthorized use.
It may not be available or legal in some regions or countries.
Sources and Sites to Download the Book
Sources and Sites to Download the Book
If you want to download Health Psychology Shelley Taylor.epub on your device, you have several options to choose from. However, you should be careful and responsible when downloading ebooks from online sources. You should always respect the intellectual property rights of the authors and publishers, and avoid downloading pirated or illegal copies of the book. You should also check the quality and safety of the files before downloading them. Here are some of the sources and sites where you can download Health Psychology Shelley Taylor.epub legally and ethically:
The official website of McGraw-Hill Education: This is the best and most reliable source to download Health Psychology Shelley Taylor.epub. You can purchase the ebook from the website and access it on your device using the McGraw-Hill Connect app or website. You can also access other features and resources that accompany the book, such as quizzes, videos, flashcards, and instructor materials.