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Ring Of Fire

The Ring of Fire is a string of volcanoes and sites of seismic activity, or earthquakes, around the edges of the Pacific Ocean. Roughly 90 percent of all earthquakes occur along the Ring of Fire, and the ring is dotted with 75 percent of all active volcanoes on Earth.

Ring of Fire


Mount Ruapehu in New Zealand is one of the more active volcanoes in the Ring of Fire, with yearly minor eruptions, and major eruptions occurring about every 50 years. It stands 2,797 meters (9,177 feet) high. Mount Ruapehu is part of the Taupo Volcanic Arc, where the dense Pacific Plate is subducting beneath the Australian Plate.

Some sources claim that Carter had seen the phrase "Love is like a burning ring of fire" underlined in an Elizabethan poetry book owned by her uncle A. P. Carter.[3][4] She worked with Kilgore on writing a song inspired by this phrase as she had seen her uncle do in the past. She had written: "There is no way to be in that kind of hell, no way to extinguish a flame that burns, burns, burns".[5]

The song was originally recorded by June's sister, Anita Carter, on her Mercury Records album Folk Songs Old and New (1963) as "(Love's) Ring of Fire". Mercury released Anita's version as a single and it was a featured "pick hit" in Billboard magazine. After hearing Anita's version, Cash claimed he had a dream where he heard the song accompanied by "Mexican horns". The Mariachi horn sound had recently been popularized on American radio with 1962 hit song "The Lonely Bull" by Herb Alpert. Cash said, "[...] I'll give you about five or six more months, and if you don't hit with it, I'm gonna record it the way I feel it."[6] Cash noted that adding trumpets was a change to his basic sound.[7]

Cash's version of "Ring of Fire" was never released as a single in the UK. However, in 1993 and 1994, it gained significant radio airplay in the UK after it was used in a popular television commercial for Levi's. In 2005, Liverpool FC fans began singing the song at matches during the run-up to that year's Champions League Final, and it has been a staple song for the team's fans ever since.[23]

The six Ring of Fire companies lie around the outer edge of the Los Angeles metropolitan area; none is more than 45 miles from downtown Los Angeles. In clockwise order from north to south, the companies are Sundance Industries, in Valencia; Arcadia Machine & Tool (AMT), in Irwindale; Phoenix Arms, in Ontario; Davis Industries and Lorcin Engineering, both in Mira Loma; and Bryco Arms, in Costa Mesa. Raven Arms was located in the City of Industry, not far from AMT.

How big are the Ring of Fire manufacturers? Let us consider employment first. In early 1993, Jim Waldorf of Lorcin Engineering told the Judiciary Committee of the California Assembly that his firm employed 130 people. In 1992, Lorcin produced 187,761 handguns. With the partial exception of AMT, the Ring of Fire companies produce very similar handguns by similar methods. For estimation purposes, we can therefore assume that Lorcin's ratio of persons employed to number of guns produced - 1,444 guns per employee per year - applies to the other Ring of Fire manufacturers. On that basis, these companies employed approximately 500 persons at that time.

Since Eli Whitney built his musket armory in New Haven in the late 1700s, the U.S. firearms industry has been headquartered along the Connecticut River in New England. Gun Valley, as it is known, is home to longtime industry giants like Smith & Wesson, Colt, and Ruger. Recent years have seen a rash of failures and buyouts in Gun Valley. Smith & Wesson is owned by a British conglomerate; Colt remains mired in bankruptcy despite massive aid from the state of Connecticut.

by Kathy Svitil Alaska's frigid and remote Aleutian island chain, the towering Andes mountains of South America, and the tropical islands of Micronesia would seem to have little in common. In fact, these diverse areas are all part of the most volcanically and seismically active region on Earth, an area known as the "Ring of Fire." Three-fourths of Earth's active and dormant volcanoes -- including Mount St. Helens, which is featured in the program "Hell's Crust" -- lie along this arc, at the margins of the Pacific Ocean, where the large Pacific plate and other tectonic plates dive beneath yet other plates. The ring stretches from South America, where the Nazca plate dips beneath the South American plate, pushing up the Andes mountains, and then north up along the coasts of Central America and Mexico. In the Pacific Northwest the tiny Juan de Fuca plate, formed at a spreading center just to the west, is sinking (subducting) beneath the North American plate. This oceanic plate is blanketed with seafloor sediments, and its crust is water-logged. As it dips beneath the North American plate -- and before it melts completely -- the two plates can snag and then break free. The result is earthquakes, a characteristic of the Ring of Fire and other subduction zones. The subducting crust is wet, as crust goes, and that water helps to melt the mantle overlying the sinking plate. This forms blobs of magma -- slightly different than the magma that wells through at mid-ocean ridges -- which rise up toward the surface. Volcanoes form where the magma breaks through -- in this case, the volcanoes of the Cascades Range, including Mount St. Helens. Magma in subduction zones is particularly resistant to flow (viscous), and it is also quite gassy. So when it erupts, it does so in violent explosions -- as did Mount St. Helens, and as the other volcanoes in the Ring of Fire continue to do year after year.

Alaska's Aleutian islands, all volcanic in origin and formed from the subduction of the Pacific plate beneath the North American, represent the northern arc of the Ring of Fire. The ring then sweeps down along Russia's Kamchatka Peninsula and through Japan, where the Pacific plate dives beneath the Eurasian plate. That subduction is responsible for all of the Japanese islands and picturesque volcanoes like Mt. Fuji. The last section of the Ring of Fire is made up of Micronesia and New Guinea, where the Indo-Australian plate drops below the Pacific, and New Zealand, where the Pacific plate returns the favor, and dives below the Indo-Australian. The Ring of Fire Article: The Earth at Work Sidebar One: Probing the Depths Sidebar Two: "Black Smokers" Sidebar Three: Ring of Fire ANIMATIONHell's Crust: Our Everchanging Planet The Restless Planet: EarthquakesOut of the Inferno: Volcanoes Waves of Destruction: Tsunamis Home

Solar eclipses happen when the moon moves directly between the sun and Earth, casting a shadow on our planet and blocking out at least some of the sun's light. This Thursday at sunrise, we can look forward to an annular solar eclipse, which occurs when the moon is too far away from Earth in its elliptical orbit to completely block out the sun like it does during a total solar eclipse. Instead, it leaves the outer ring of the sun exposed, creating the appearance of a "ring of fire" in the sky during the only annular solar eclipse of 2021.

"It is not going to look like your regular sun," Jackie Faherty, an astrophysicist at the American Museum of Natural History in New York City, told While the full "ring of fire" will be visible from the northernmost latitudes (including the North Pole and parts of Greenland and Canada), most viewers will see only a partial version of the eclipse, which will be visible from parts of North America, Europe and Asia.

A partial eclipse, in which the moon appears to take a bite out of the sun, may not be as impressive as an annular "ring of fire" eclipse. However, Faherty noted that even a partial eclipse can be incredible to witness. Thursday's partial eclipse will look like "the 'Death Star' is in front of the sun as it's rising," she said, referring to the moon-size space weapon from "Star Wars."

"From our perspective, it covers a lot of it. It covers enough of it that you end up with this effect that there will be a black dot with the rest of the sun shining around it, which ends up looking like a ring of fire," she said.

In the United States, the partial eclipse will be visible along areas of the Southeast, Northeast, Midwest and even in Northern Alaska, and skywatchers can look for the event in the morning sky close to the horizon and just before or during sunrise. (But do not look directly at the rising sun without proper eye protection.)

The ring of fire sign, also known as ring of vascularity, signifies a hypervascular lesion with peripheral vascularity on color or pulsed Doppler examination of the adnexa due to low impedance high diastolic flow 1.

Every Saturday of Labor Day weekend, Canandaigua Lake's perimeter glows at dark. The first fire is lit at the top of Bare Hill overlooking the lake followed by residents around the shoreline who then light a fire or flare that creates a ring around the entire lake, marking the unofficial end of summer.

A total of 45 million people in 43 countries are teetering on the edge of famine with overall global needs for humanitarian assistance on a clear upward trend and are now higher than ever. Every region in the world is faced with the prospect of millions waking each day to empty plates, soaring food prices, economic downturn, ruined crops, and violent conflict knocking on their door.

Morgan Morse* is an actor, musician, and writer originally from Ansonia, Connecticut. He is incredibly honored and excited to be back at Ivoryton Playhouse, and to be part of bringing this new piece of theatre to life. Other credits include The Porch on Windy Hill, Once, Godspell, South Pacific and Stand By Your Man here at Ivoryton, Once at the Cape Playhouse, Hootenanny the Musical at the Milwaukee Repertory Theater, Southern Comfort at the Public Theater in NYC, and Ring of Fire everywhere from Houston, TX to Vienna, Austria. In addition to theatre, he writes and performs original music which you can find online at 041b061a72


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